Wednesday, 7 May 2014

Einstein's Masterpiece: Relativity

It is my birthday today, and I am extremely happy. I am happy not because it's my birthday. Birthdays come and go each year. There is nothing new in them. My state of happiness is because of the insight I have acquired in Einstein's theory of relativity. Relativity introduces us to the relativistic nature of the realty we experience in our day to day experience. It provides us with the insight of relativistic nature of time itself. The one of the first and foremost nature of reality that relativity acquaints us with is that we all see past. We all see what has already happened. The observation of this past may be on the smallest of scales in our daily experience on earth. But this observation of experience of past increases greatly when we are concerned about greater distances. By greater distance I mean cosmic distances. Distance between sun and earth. Our solar system and all the other solar systems in the universe. Distance between galaxies and the like of it. At these huge scales we experience reality proportional to the distance under consideration. The more distant object in the cosmos we are observing, the deeper into past we are peeking. The past becomes directly proportional to the distance under consideration. Greater the cosmic distance, more distant past we observe. All this is because of our messenger particle of imagery information. That is to say the photon. Light is packets of photons travelling at a fixed velocity through spacetime. The speed we are all well aware of. The limit to speed of light is the very reason that creates the illusion of past. 

When I have a discourse with my friend, no matter how close we are standing, we observe each other's past. Although we don't realise the difference because it is minuscule. But if my friend were on sun, somehow surviving the extreme heat produced by it in his super anti radiant space suit, I would see my friend wave me 8 minutes after he actually waved. This is because light takes 8 minutes to reach Earth from sun. It would take 8 minutes for me to realise that my friend waved me when I observe him through my powerful telescope. Similarly my friend who is observing me from sun through is highly advanced anti heat telescope, he would observe me after 8 minutes of waving him. So if somehow we had our clocks set to the same time, considering the effect of sun's high gravity to be negligible on his clock. We could both wave each other at the same time. This way when after 8 minutes we would observe each other through our telescopes, it would appear as if we are waving each other at the same time. After 8 minutes each of us would be able to see waving each other at the same time. Although both of us had done that 8 minutes ago. Similarly if my friend were to be in andromeda galaxy right now and clocks were to be synced. And we were to wave each other right now, then after three years if we were to observe each other through our super powerful galactic telescopes-we would still be able to see waving each other. Although the event for both of us had occurred three years ago. We will be able to greet each other at the same time. This way actions of the past could be synchronised with the actions of the future. How beautifully has Einstein's relativity explained the illusion of time . It was Einstein's genius that he could observe such a non-obvious reality at his time. But the relativity raise questions in a curious mind.

We perceive the moment in time when the light photons that have captured that moment strikes at the retina of our eyeball. But light itself is a slow wagon for the transportation of moments in space. All the relativity that we perceive in our lives is due to this shortcoming in the speed of light which is our fastest sensory way of acquiring moments of time. Hence our perception of reality is flawed by the very basics of our sense object contact. Einstein's relativity only enables us to view the universe and space time in context of this flaw, inherent in our sense. The perception exists only because we see universe through the lens of extremely slow photons. But what if there is a fast enough wagon that can introduce us to the existing reality. I would like to assert the existence of this wagon based on quantum mechanics analysis. Because the probability wave in quantum mechanics itself opens the doorway to this wagon. Would this wagon not enable us to see the world through the eyes of a saint that has attained enlightenment. Did Budhdha not see the universe as it is? Had he not realised the existence of such a wagon boarding which he attained Nirvana. Do we not read in The Holy Quran that prophet Muhammad(PBUH) travelled the whole universe in one night, what we all call the miraaj. These are questions of metaphysics and in no way should concern us while trying to unfold the transcendental reality of physics. But they at least develop a sense of curiosity in our minds, searching for the ultimate principle behind the working of the universe. What governs the objective reality?

We have not yet discussed the effect of Einstein's relativity over space. This is part of his more general form of the theory of relativity that envisions the effect of gravity also. In my present assessment I considered the effect of sun's gravity to be negligible, which in reality is not. This aspect of general theory of relativity may be discussed in the next article where gravity plays a leading role in the mechanism of the universe.

Tuesday, 6 May 2014

Concerning Human Knowledge Part 2

I intend to be a writer, a writer of philosophy, and that of religion. But when i sit back in the corner of my room thinking hard of the topic on what i should write, i realise that whatever i may chose to be my topic that has complete dependence on what i know so far and not what i may truly know. All the great philosophers that i have read about and whose philosophies i have tried to understand take me to a common conclusion. That truth is something that can never be achieved. No matter how close one comes to the truth there develops even more possibilities to derive the truth that is different from the truth that man has conceived.  But then the question that remains unanswered over centuries of trying to dig the truth is that will there ever be an end to the unending conquest for truth. Whatsoever be the end but it appears to be far from achieving. After the claims raised by Plato and his disciple Aristotle there is still same conquest for the same answers to the questions that they then answered.

What we derive from the long history of the conquest of the truth is that every great philosopher has had his idea of the truth which is followed by some and criticized by many. Every theory that a philosopher has theorized has been and in future events criticized by some other philosopher of equal intellect. In all this pool of confusion and discussion our conquest for the truth remains unachieved.

I am making the same mistake of trying to explain my perception of the universe and the truth behind its existence. But to me mistakes have to made for the establishment of the grounds for their correction. I think the world of man is like an ocean. Man here is like a stone which when thrown in the ocean will cause ripples to form. So all men living and who have ever lived on earth are like stones or for the ones who have seized to exist were at least like stones who like stones leave their influence in the world when they live in it. The world is the ground for the interaction of man like ocean is the ground for the interaction of the ripples formed by different stones. My point here is that the knowledge we have of the world today is the sequence of knowledge acquired by man throughout history.And this history has been formed by the effect of influence of men who have lived in it. A man's perception is based on what he knows from the past and what he can derive out of it in the future. Coming back to my ocean of ripples. I imagine when two stones are thrown inside the ocean or for instance inside a small water body for we are taking only two stones at this moment, this shall keep things simpler. Coming back to the stones thrown in the water body, both the stones will form different sets of ripples. At a point of time these different sets of ripples will interact with each other and will exchange their characteristics. If one set of ripples is quite stronger than the other set, it may absorb the other set of ripples and merge it into his own. This may refer to a person who has a strong ideology and the other person gets influenced by his ideology and starts to follow his steps.  

But the situation may also be that both the sets are equally strong and they clash with each other causing competitive environment. This may refer to two persons who have different ideologies but they are equally strong. Their thoughts may clash with each other causing problems with them trusting each other. This may be compared to two high priests of different religions having conversation on religion itself.  
Now imagine billions of ripples being formed in a large ocean causing the interaction with each other. Now it may depend which ripples will interact more and cause the influence over each other thus causing groups of ripples having similar characteristics. This may be compared to a large society or a nation like india having different religions and how they interact with each other.

Through this example it becomes clear that a person's perception is just not his own but the different sets of perceptions he has adopted to shape his own and then accepting or rejecting these perception to establish an entirely new stream of thoughts which in turn are dependent on the older thoughts.

For example if we take a child and isolate him from the world and keep him in a jungle. He will grow up to become a man who does not know about mankind. This is because he has never been acquainted with the concept and hence he is no more a human as conceived by the present society. But the truth remains that he is as much a man as we are or the greatest thinkers produced by mankind are. He has just not been introduced to the sequence of knowledge that history has provided. He is at a point of knowledge where a man in stone age would have been. He had to start afresh. But instead if he were a part of ocean all the other men are then knowledge would have been induced in him by mere experience.

So the big question is, whether this sequential knowledge we have acquired throughout history is any closer to the truth itself or have we been misled from the very starting of the civilization. The question again establishes doubts that were thought to have been solved not completely but at least a little. Man thus is standing exactly where he was standing a thousand years ago or even at the very beginning of the mankind. This is the philosophical derivation of reality.

I got a perfect comment regarding my previous article which fits perfectly to this one also,

Bilal Arafaat has left a new comment on your post "Concerning Human Knowledge": 


The farthest backward you can look the farthest forward you can see..

Winston Churchill 

Sunday, 4 May 2014

Concerning Human Knowledge


The length of a man's life has been significantly decreasing throughout the human history. According to the various religious scriptures man was once able to live well over the age of a few hundred years. The most significant example being Prophet Noah who was 948 when he died. Man is his own reason for such a decline in his lifespan. We now expect a life of 60-70 years to be a normal life. The corrupt nature of man has been the reason of such a huge downfall. But throughout this time man has also grown in terms of his understanding of the things around him. He has been able to reason with the very nature of his existence along with the existence of the whole universe. He has advanced so much technologically that he can now speak with another man a thousand miles from him  by just a few clicks on the multitouch high definition screen of his smartphone. He can travel great distances in one day that would have taken months to travel otherwise. He has built the most high skyscrapers for his living and created unlimited means for his amusement. Could a single man have achieved all this in one life time, and that too a lifetime that has been continuously growing to be shorter. Then what is man's means of knowledge. What if the whole earth is somehow wiped out and the human civilization is started anew. Will they be equally advanced like their ancestors who have ceased to exist or will they turn back to being the men of the stone age where they can barely provide for their survival. Man would become the same as he was in the starting. So what then is knowledge?

 

Knowledge according to me is the growth of humans as a civilization throughout their history. Without knowing these achievements of the past man is just a caveman who knows nothing more than an animal. What we know today is the grand summation of what all the men that have lived have known. Among these men were few extraordinary men who were able to use their faculty of critique and reason to negate what was thought to be correct knowledge and establish the grounds for that was acceptable to him by experience and reason. Six months back when I was inefficient of writing even the most basic of text that I am writing now I used to think to myself that what would it take for me to start thinking the way these revolutionary thinkers thought. I am still far from being able to think even vaguely similar to these great men but I have found myself a path that can be followed in order to achieve the ability to critique and reason like these men. All these great men had an obvious secret that we as normal people fail to even perceive. They all knew what humans as a civilization had achieved so far. And in the preceding line lies the answer to the most thought  of question and sought after answer  for a normal man. Only a person who has devoted his time in knowing what has been achieved in past can spend his time constructively to achieve something new in the future. Without knowing everything in the field one is searching to discover something new, one cannot find it. He may always strike at conclusions  that are already existent. He just did not know it because of the lack of his knowledge of the past. Knowledge of the future completely relies in knowledge of the past. A person who knows everything of the past will find out something which had not yet been thought of. And this will add up to the constructive knowledge in the future.

 

All men are not able to think alike because of their lack of kowledge of this simple and obvious secret that it barely is. Apart from this there are also definite stages of finding the right knowledge. Without knowing simple algebra a student of mathematics cannot be expected to learn derivation and integration. There is a definite road to higher knowledge. This is why sometimes in the past when there was no globalization various thinkers who were most remotely associated were able to find same solution to a problem. This was because that solution was the stage to the right knowledge that was to follow. Any thinker who was thinking in the right direction was to achieve the same solution no matter where he was.

 

We often hear people say that a young child learns the best or childhood is the best period of time suited for learning. We all must have come across the preceding statement dozens of time in our life. But have we ever payed attention  to whether why is this said. Most of us take the statement as it is without finding a reason in its authenticity. Let me take  a very simple example. When we buy a computer it runs very fast. But as we keep on installing applications that consume its random access memory the computer tends to become slower. This is because of the excessive use of the available memory.  Similarly when a child is young, his memory is used to the minimum. And hence his brain accepts data easily and remembers it for a long time. But as he grows older, he fills up his brain with various information which languishes its capability to process that information. So learning new things become difficult. A young child's brain can be curbed to develop a certain ideology, acquire a certain set of skills and even be directed to think in a certain way. So a child can be introduced only with the right knowledge to lead a virtuous as well as an intellectual life. It is very unfortunate to find that only the market capitalists have been able to understand this part of the brain completely and are exploiting it to their advantage. They have introduced to young men what they can cash in future, no matter if it is completely wrong. For example the capitalists provide a choice to men between good and bad and not between good and good at the sametime declaring that a man is rational by nature and he has the capability to chose what is right for him. They fail to determine that if they are providing nine bad choices and a single good choice in a total of ten choices then it becomes nine times probable for man to chose wrong over right. This is what is exploitation of human weaknesses and they have been able to achieve this through the use of various forms of marketing and taking the advantage of media. Now the biggest problem with all this is that while a computer can be easily formatted and started afresh, human perception of the world is extremely difficult to change at later stages. It  takes a generation or two to change the general perception of men.

 

So amidst all this I find it most important for all to realize that this wrong input of information and knowledge leads to a short term benefit but in the long run it is formulating a definite path for the destruction of the civilization as a whole. What awaits us in the technological future is the dark ages for virtues and morality. In these dark ages there will surely be scientific and economic growth but at the cost of a much greater loss. The loss of empathy and selfless deeds. What will remain of men will only be materialism. And then again shall come the age of renaissance and of enlightenment. But this time it will be in favor of religion and not against it. Man will again realize the importance of good over bad and there will flourish again what we termed in the times of Jesus as the religious zeal.

 

So human knowledge is also a repetitive transition between faith, moderation and ignorance.